Architecture

Palacio Itamaraty

Built in the 1850’s for a coffee merchant, this palace was sold to the new republican government in 1889. It was then converted into a museum, but now remains closed off almost completely except for one exhibition room, which allows you to visit and explore the beautiful interior courtyard.
Location:
Rua Marechal Floriano 196


Palacio Gustavo Capanema

This is the most modern “palace” built from 1932 to 1936 by Brazil’s top architects- Oscar Niemeyer and Lucio Costa- the two architects who designed the new capital of Brasilia. This structure was the first of its kind at the time, and many architectural lovers are astounded by the ingenuity of this design.
Location:
Rua da Imprensa


Igreja da Candelária

This church was originally built in the early 17th century, but has been reshaped and remodeled so many times that the end result is an interesting mixture of several architectural styles, from Baroque to Neoclassical. The dome built in Portuguese limestone was completed in 1887 and now famously caps off the church. The eight white marble statues around the dome were the works of Jose Cesario de Sales and were sculpted in Portugal.
Location:
Praça Pio X – Centro


Igreja de Sao Jose

This church is also a mix of several styles, with contrast between the colonial whitewashed and stone walls with the heavily engraved Rococo-styled interiors.
Location:
Av. Presidente Antonio Carlos


Catedral Metropolitana

The stained glass windows of this church are very impressive, and the overall architecture of this church is High Gothic.
Location:
Av. Republica de Chile 245


Praça XV

Also know as the imperial square, where the royal family of Portugal set up their temporary capital is an area with many highlights such as the Royal Palace and the skillfully carved fountain of Chafariz do Mestre Valentim, built in 1780, which was formally the sight of an old ship dock.


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